Formal Name: Republic of China (Zhōng-huá-Mín-guó—中華民國).
Short Form: Taiwan (台灣).
Capital City: Taipei (T’ai-pei—台北—literally, Northern Taiwan)
Government: Unitary Semi-Presidential Constitutional Republic
Spoken Language: Standard Chinese also known as Mandarin, Pu-tong-hua and Guo-yu
Term for Citizen(s): Chinese (Hua-jen—華人); Taiwanese (T’ai-wan-jen—台灣 人).
Drives on the: Right
Climate: The climate is tropical and marine. There is a rainy season during the southwest monsoon, from June to August. Cloudiness is persistent and extensive year-round. Typhoons regularly hit Taiwan during July to September each year. Most rain falls between May and October, and the driest months are between November and February.
Time Zone: National Standard Time UTC+8 (No time difference with Philippines)
Currency: The New Taiwan dollar (新臺幣 or 新台幣) has been the currency of Taiwan since 1949, when it replaced the Old Taiwan dollar. Originally issued by the Bank of Taiwan, it has been issued by the Central Bank of the Republic of China (Taiwan) since 2000. The currency code is TWD, and its common abbreviation is NT$.
Freq. used $1, $5, $10, $50
Rarely used $20
Freq. used $100, $500, $1000
Rarely used $200, $2000
Calling code: +886
Distance: From Manila to Taipei is 736.2 Miles (1184.8 Kilometers / 639.3 Nautical Miles).
Flight Time: Approximate travel time from Manila (MNL) to Taipei (TPE) is: 1 hour, 46 minutes.